# Lecture 5

Reasoning

Directions (1-5) : Read the given information and answer the given questions.

Eight people viz. L, M, N, 0, P, Q, R and S are sitting on eight different steps of the same flight of stairs, but not necessarily in the same order. The lowermost step is numbered one, the one above that is numbered two and so on till the topmost step is numbered eight. Each one of them has different years of experience in the field of banking viz. 10 years, 13 years, 15 years, 18 years, 20 years, 23 years, 24 years and 25 years but not necessarily in the same order.

R is the most experienced and is sitting on an even numbered step but not on step numbered 2. The one who has less experience than only R is sitting on the lowermost step. P is sitting on a step which is immediately below the step on which R is sitting: L is the least experienced. L is sitting on a step which is immediately below the step on which N is sitting. Only three people sit between L and S.

S has 20 years of experience. Q has more experience than only L. Q is sitting on a step which is immediately below O’s step. The one who has 23 years of experience is sitting on a step which is immediately above the step on which S is sitting. N has more experience than 0.

1. How many people are sitting between the one who has 15 years of experience and M ?

(1) Two

(2) None

(3) Three

(4) One

(5) Four

2. Who amongst the following is sitting on step numbered 3 ?

(1) Q

(2) L

(3) M

(4) N

(5) S

3. Four of the following five are alike in a certain ways based on the given arrangement and hence form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group ?

(1) Q-Step numbered 5

(2) R-Step numbered 7

(3) N-Step numbered 2

(4) L-Step numbered 1

(5) O-Step numbered 3

4. Which of the following is true with respect to 0 ?

(1) S sits immediately below 0

(2) Only two persons sit between 0 and S

(3) None of the given statements is true

(4) R lives below 0

(5) O is sitting on step number 5

5. How much experience does M has ?

(1) 13 years

(2) 23 years

(3) 15 years

(4) 18 years

(5) 24 years

English

Directions (1-7) : In the fol­lowing questions, one part of the sen­tence may have an error. Find out which part of the sentence has an er­ror and choose the option correspond­ing to it. If the sentence is free from error, choose the “No error” option.

1. Despite having been inspected (1)/ and pronounced safe ear­lier, (2)/ the century old bridge collapse after (3)/ a train went across it. (4)/ No error (5)
2. The study published last year revealed (1)/ that the use of body cameras has (2)/ resulted in sharply dropping (3)/ false com­plaints against the police. (4)/ No error (5)
3. At present when urban planners (1)/ try to understand the pat­terns (2)/ of activity in a district (3)/ they do it by conducting (4)/ No error (5)
4. The Prime Minister has stated that changing (1)/ the ‘overwork work culture’ in Japan (2)/ is one of the main aims of the labour reforms (3)/ he plans to intro­duce next year. (4)/ No error (5)
5. Just over a year ago. policymakers were worried (1)/ about China’s tumbling stock markets, (2)/ but now it is China’s property market (3)/ that causing worries at home and (4)/ No error (5)
6. The capital of Yemen (1)/ is situ­ating (2)/ 2190 metres above (3)/ the sea level. (4)/ No error (5)
7. The captain along with his team (1)/ are practicing very hard (2)/ for the (3)/ forth coming matches. (4)/ No error (5)

Directions (8-14): In each question below, four words printed in bold type are given. These are num­bered (1), (2), (3) and (4). One of these words printed in bold may either be wrongly spelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence. Find out the word that is inappropriate or wrongly spelt, if any. The number of that word is your answer. If all the words printed in bold are correctly spelt and appropriate in the context of the sen­tence then mark (5) i.e. ‘All Correct’ as your answer.

8. Whom (1)/ did you talk (2)/ to at (3)/ the information desk at the airport (4)/ All correct (5)

9. Without (1)/ saying a (2)/ the major (3)/ gave a nod of as­cent (4)/ All correct (5)

10. Just (1)/ as they were about to go to bed (2)/ Jane told, her mother, “Its (3)/ my turn to wind (4)/ the clock”. All correct (5)

11. Everyone (1)/ is excited about gradation because all (2)/ had worked (3)/ so hard for it (4)/ All correct (5)

12. Preserving (1)/ rare and valuable books is one (2)/ of the chal­lenges facing (3)/ by the Librar­ian of Congress (4)/ All correct (5)

13. What should None be done (2)/ the computer says, (3)/ “Sorry, try again ? (4)/ All correct (5)

14. She hangs (1)/ out with (2)/ the arty (3)/ types she met at drama (4)/ school. All correct (5).

Directions (15-20) : Rearrange the following six sentences or group of sentences (1), (2), (3), (4), (5) and (F) in  the proper sequence to form a mean­ingful paragraph; then answer the ques­tions given below them.

(A) Moreover, salaries in public sec­tor enterprises are not as com­petitive as those offered by pri­vate or foreign ‘ corporate.

(B) This trend should be a wake-up call for stakeholders to examine why employees are seeking bet­ter opportunities with private companies in India and abroad.

(C) Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs) have been experiencing severe challenges in attracting, motivat­ing and retaining their key staff.

(D)Having identified these as the rea­sons why employees leave PSEs, it is important to empower stake­holders to find ways to remedy the situation.

(E)One reason is that young employ­ees lured away by private firms are more willing to undertake pro­fessional risks.

(F) Employees in specialist roles es­pecially have become increasingly difficult to retain.

15. Which of the following should be the first sentence after the rear­rangement?

(1) C

(2) B

(3) A

(4) D

(5) F

16. Which of the following should be the third sentence after the re­arrangement?

(1) C

(2) B

(3) A

(4) D

(5) E

17. Which of the following should be the fourth sentence after the re­arrangement?

(1) A

(2) B

(3) E

(4) D

(5) F

18. Which of the following should be the second sentence after the rearrangement?

(1) C

(2) F

(3) A

(4) D

(5) B

19. Which of the following should be the sixth(last) sentence after the rearrangement?

(1) F

(2) D

(3) A

(4) B

(5) C

20.Which of the following should be the fifth sentence after the rear­rangement?

(1) C

(2) B

(3) A

(4) D

(5) F

Quantitative Aptitude

1. A respective ratio between the quantity of milk and water in jar is 5:1. If 6 litre of this mixture are removed and 4 litre pure milk and 2 litre water is added to this mixture the quantity of milk be­come 300% more than that of water in the jar. What was the original  quantity of mixture in the jar (in litres) ?

(1) 30

(2) 25

(3) 35

(4) 32

(5) 36

2. 32 men can complete a piece of work in 12 days and 20 women can complete the same piece of work in 18 days. What is the re­spective ratio between the amount of work done by 24 men in 4 days and amount of work done by 36 women in 5 days?

(1) 1 : 3

(2) 1 : 2

(3) 2 : 3

(4) 3 : 1

(5) 1 : 4

3. A and C started a business and B joined after 4 months from the start of the business. The re­spective ratio betWeen the in­vestments of A, B and C was ,3 : 7 : 4. If B share in annual profit was Rs. 2000 more than that of A. What was the total amount of profit earned ?

(1) Rs. 10000

(2) Rs. 20000

(3) Rs. 14000

(4) Rs. 15000

(5) Rs. 16000

4. A bank offers 5% compound in­terest calculated on half-yearly A customer deposits Rs. 1600 each on 1st January and 1st July of a year. At the end of a year, the amount he would have gained by way of interest is how much?

(1) Rs. 120

(2) Rs.121

(3) Rs.123

(4) Rs.122

(5) Rs.119

Directions (5-9) : In each of these questions, two equations (I) and (II) are given. You have to solve both the equations and give answer

(1) if x> y

(2) if x > y

(3) if x < y

(4) if x < y

(5)’if x= y or relationship between x and y cannot be established.

5.

I. x2 – 14x + 40 = 0

II. y2 – 11y + 28 = 0

6.

I. x2 – 10x + 24 =0

II. 3y2 – 19y + 28 =0

7.

I. 14x2– 13x + 3 = 0

II. 99y2 – 62y + 8=0

8. Jar A and Jar B both contain mixture of milk and water. Jar A has 80 litres of mixture out of which 20% is water. The mixture in Jar B has 40% of water. The mixture from both the jars is poured in an empty jar C. The resultant respective ratio between milk and water in the jar C is 5 : 2. What is the quantity of milk in jar C ? (in litres)

(1) 105

(2) 120

(3) 110

(4) 100

(5) 130

9. A certain sum is divided among A, B and C in such a way that A gets 260 more than 1/6th of the sum, B gets Rs. 40 less than 2/5th of the sum and C gets Rs. 300. What is the total initial sum ?

(1) Rs. 1200

(2) Rs. 1300

(3) Rs. 1250

(4) Rs. 1400

(5) Rs. 1450