English 43- (Passage)

Modern bio-technology, especially the creation of genetically modified crops, is often presented as a magic solution or universal panacea for the problem of poverty, inadequate nutrition and even environmental degradation across the world. Conversely, there are people who present the picture of tech generated monsters and major human health hazards being created by science. Many of the technological changes currently in the process of being utilised in agriculture can have unforeseen consequences, and their safety and future viability are far from secure.

The reality, as always, is far more complex than either of these two extremes. Even today the total food production in the world is adequate to feed the hungry of the world; the problem is rather one of unequal distribution, which deprives a large part of the population of even their minimal nutritional requirements. Similarly, farmers, especially in developing countries, face many problems such as lack of infrastructure. poor or unstable market access, volatile input and output prices etc, that bio-technology does not address, much less solve.

It is  true that transgenic plants can offers a range of benefits which are above and beyond those which emerged from more traditional innovations in cultivation. It is suggested that such new technology offers more effective pest resistance of seeds and crops through genetic control mechanism, which also reduces the need for pesticide use and leads to improved yield. A basic question, of course, is whether the new GM technology is safe, and whether this is absolutely crucial since the effects may only be known much later. The jury is still very much out on this matter, and the controversy does not appear to be resolved quickly.

The trouble is that most governments in developing countries have relatively low food and beverage regulatory standards, and public systems for monitoring and surveillance of such items are poor or non-existent. This leave them open for entry and even dumping of a range of agricultural products of the new technology, which may not pass regulatory standards in the more developed countries.


1. Which of the following is true in context of the passage?

1) Genetically modified crops have been universally recognized as a solution to poverty and environmental degradation.

2) The only way to improve the deficit in food requirement and food production in the world is by adapting genetically modified crops.

3) Genetically modified crops produce more yield as compared to yield from the traditional methods

4) Taking advantage of absence of regulatory standards, scientist have been dumping new products in the markets without appropriate approval.

5) None is true.

2. Why according to the author, is genetic modification of crops not an answer to the problem of hunger in the world?

(A) People being highly doubtful of the long term effects of genetically modified crops, do not buy the products grown by such methods.

(B) The problem of hunger in the world is not due to inadequate production of food but due to unequal distribution of it.

(C) Many developing countries have banned genetically modified products as developed countries have been using these countries as dumping grounds for new genetically modified products.

1) Only A

2) Only B

3) Both B and C

4) Both A and C

5) None of these

3. The author of the given passage seems to be definitely…………….

1) suggesting the use of traditional methods of agriculture as against  bio-technology by developing countries owing to their poor regulatory standards.

2) in favour of utilizing bio-technology as a tool for alleviation of poverty from the world

3) urging the policy makers to improve infrastructural facilities so that farmers can maximize the benefits of genetically modified crops.

4) unconvinced of the long term effects and rationale for immediate requirement of genetically modified products

5) None of the above

4. Choose the word/group of words which is most opposite in meaning to volatile printed in bold as used in the passage.

1) Never-ending

2) Meager

3) Valuable

4) irreversible

5) Stable

5. Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to Open printed in bold as used in the passage.

1) Vulnerable

2) Capable

3) Threatened

4) Uncertain

5) Weak


  1. (3)
  2. (2)
  3. (4)
  4. (5)
  5. (1)